In our day-to-day life we got used to find applications of robotics in different fields such as medical, defence, space, domestic, industrial, and so on. The robot technology is rapidly growing with the advancement in technology. The robot technology includes innovation of different robots such as line following robots, fire fighting robots, space robots, modular reconfigurable robots, programmable robots, and many other industrial robots. Innovative robot kits with robotic arm can be used for home applications such as to switch on or off the loads, to feed and help physically disabled human beings, and so on. Here, in this article we discuss about how to build your own robot kit.
How to Build Your Own Robot Kit?
To understand the process to build your own robot kit, let us consider different robot kits developed by Edgefx Technologies which are available to buy online from our international website www.efxkits.com. These robot kits include fire fighting robot kit, path tracking robot kit, robot kit with soft gripper arm for catching, remote controlled robot kit, and so on. To know how to build these innovative robot kits, you can check the following description and you can buy DIY kits (Do It Yourself kits) from Edgefx technologies.
Step by Step Procedure to Build Your Own Robot Kit
The following description explains 5-simple steps to know how to build robot kit on your own. Here we are considering an example robot kit as ultrasonic obstacle sensed vehicle to better understand the procedure to build your own robot kit.
Step 1: Selection of Different Blocks based on Application of Robot Kit
Primarily, we must know the application of the robot kit and control system of the robot. Based on the application and control system, the block diagram of the robot kit is designed using different blocks. Let us consider a practical example, ultrasonic obstacle sensed vehicle robot kit which consists of various blocks such as 8051 microcontroller block, ultrasonic sensors block, motor driver block, motors block, wheels, wheel strips, and power supply block as shown in the following figure.
Step 2: Designing the Software based Circuit Diagram based on Robot Kit Block Diagram
Based on the block diagram of the ultrasonic obstacle sensed robot kit, appropriate software is chosen and all the required components are estimated. The components required to design component level circuit diagram of ultrasonic obstacle sensed vehicle robot kit are DC motors, diodes, printed circuit board (PCB), battery, ultrasonic sensor, 8051 microcontroller, motor driver IC, resistors, and capacitors.
Step 3: Checking the Results of Circuit Diagram
The circuit diagram is primarily designed using software and such that by checking the results components ratings are varied to get maximum efficiency. We can easily buy all the required hardware components or project kit from online electrical and electronic stores such as www.efxkits.com. Then based on the software based component level circuit diagram, real time hardware circuit is designed using these hardware components with similar ratings used in software circuit.
Step 4: Soldering and Gluing the Robot Kit Circuit
Solder the circuit by following the careful steps of soldering and glue the entire circuit properly. Then, the final circuit diagram of ultrasonic obstacle sensed vehicle robot kit is as shown in the figure below.
Step 5: Working of Ultrasonic Obstacle Sensed Vehicle Robot Kit
This ultrasonic obstacle sensed vehicle robot kit consists of intelligence that guides the robot kit by sensing the obstacles coming ahead of it using ultrasonic sensor module. This robot kit is controlled using microcontroller programming technique, which is used to control the physical machines of the robot such as motors.
An ultrasonic sensor is used for detecting the obstacle (if any) ahead of the vehicle such that sends the commands to the preprogrammed microcontroller. Based on the commands received from the ultrasonic module, the microcontroller sends the signals to the motor driver ICs to control the motors. Thus, the direction of the robot kit can be varied by controlling the motors using driver ICs which are actuated by commands of the microcontroller based on obstacle detection.
Procedure to Build Practical Remote Controlled Robot Kit On Your Own
This concept helps to know how to build your own robot kit vehicle that can be controlled using IR technology using standard television or TV remote. The robot kit consists of transmitter and receiver ends. The IR transmitter or TV remote can be controlled by the user. The IR receiver is interfaced to the robot kit which is used to receive the IR signals from the remote.
8051 microcontroller is used to perform the desired operation. The block diagram of the remote controlled robot kit is shown in the figure which consists of 8051 microcontroller, IR receiver, TV remote, motor driver, motors, diodes, power supply battery, and so on. Based on the block diagram, the component level circuit diagram is designed and soldered & glued properly. The circuit operation of the remote controlled robot kit is based on the infrared technology.
The user can send commands from the transmitter and these commands are received by receiver interfaced to the robot kit. Based on the commands received, the microcontroller is programmed to send the commands to the motor driver IC. Thus, the motors of the robot kit are controlled to move the robot in specific direction such as left, right, forward, and backward.
Check this article about pick and place robot, to know how to build your own robot arm.
If you are interested to know practically how to build your own robot kit, then you can download our free eBook to design your own electronics projects. You can feel free to post your comments or queries in the comments section below.