Arduino is an open source electronics platform accompanied with hardware and software to design, develop and test complex prototypes and electronic circuits. The hardware consists of a microcontroller assembled with other electronic components that can be programmed by using Arduino Programming Language (APL).
The first embedded system was developed by Charles Stark – a draper at the MIT instrumentation for Apollo Guidance Computer. In projects’ inception it was considered as the riskiest item in the appolo project, so to reduce the size and weight, monolithic ICs (integrated circuits) were developed. In 1961, an early mass produced embedded systems was the Autonetics D-17 guidance computer for the Minuteman missile.
An electric motor is a machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Electric motors are predominant in industrial sectors as they help operate various mechanical loads. The transportation systems like traction or railway system uses motors to move vehicles. The Speed of a motor needs to be controlled to have a desired mechanical operational efficiency.
Solar energy has become a popular alternative energy source as a renewable energy source. It is the energy that comes as natural resource from the sun. Nowadays, there are many home appliances and devices that are based on solar power like solar-powered vehicles, solar-powered buildings, street lightings, and even solar lighting kits for small applications.