Micro Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) is a technology of micrometer-scale devices. MEMS is a combination of actuators, sensors, mechanical elements and electronics on a common substrate using IC process sequences and these are used in different applications, such as display technologies, sensor systems and optical networks. MEMS are very attractive for different applications because of their size and weight. The size of the MEMS ranges from micrometers to millimeters. [Read more…]
Peripheral Interface controller (PIC) family is one of the most powerful advanced microcontroller which is developed by the microchip technology with Harvard architecture, i.e., it has a minimum set of instructions. The PIC microcontroller projects are programmed with the embedded C programming language. PIC devices consist of powerful featured controller with an internal RAM, EEPROM, Flash memory and other peripheral units. [Read more…]
Microcontroller, as the name suggests, is a small controller. It is like a single-chip computer, which is embedded into other systems to work as a processing and controlling unit. A Microcontroller communicates with other devices like sensors, switches, keypads, etc. Most of the microcontroller-based projects use 8051 microcontroller, and the microcontroller programming is done by using Keil compiler. For low-cost and low-powered embedded-systems-based applications, these microcontroller-based projects are the best choice.
Arduino is an open source electronics platform accompanied with hardware and software to design, develop and test complex prototypes and electronic circuits. The hardware consists of a microcontroller assembled with other electronic components that can be programmed by using Arduino Programming Language (APL).
The first embedded system was developed by Charles Stark – a draper at the MIT instrumentation for Apollo Guidance Computer. In projects’ inception it was considered as the riskiest item in the appolo project, so to reduce the size and weight, monolithic ICs (integrated circuits) were developed. In 1961, an early mass produced embedded systems was the Autonetics D-17 guidance computer for the Minuteman missile.